Cardiovascular System

This module allows you to explore cardiovascular system responses to exercise.

Measurable physiological variables in this module:

  • Heart Rate - heart contractions per minute
  • Stroke Volume - volume of blood pumped by the left ventricle per contraction (ml)
  • Cardiac Output - rate of blood pumped by the left ventricle per minute (ml/min)
  • Heart Contractility - heart contraction force at a given volume (inotropy)
  • Blood Pressure - mean blood pressure in the aorta (mm Hg)
  • Muscle Blood Flow - rate of blood flow through skeletal muscle (ml/min)
  • Brain Blood Flow - rate of blood flow through the brain (ml/min)
  • TPR - total peripheral resistance of the vascular system (mm Hg/(ml min))

Variables

The following Variables can be graphed for this simulation. The orange New Graph button will allow you to add additional graphs.

  • Time (Minutes)
  • Exercise Bike Power Setting
  • Heart Rate (bpm)
  • Stroke Volume
  • Cardiac Output
  • Contractility, Left Heart
  • Mean Arterial Pressure
  • Muscle Blood Flow
  • Brain Blood Flow
  • TPR
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X-Axis:
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